Taxotere, First Drug That Prolongs
May 19, 2004
WASHINGTON, D.C. (FDA News) -- Taxotere (docetaxel) was approved today by the U.S. FDA for treatment---in combination with prednisone---of men with advanced metastatic prostate cancer. The Taxotere approval thus marks the first time in history that a treatment which prolongs life has gained FDA sanction for hormone-refractory prostate cancer.
The approval was based largely on the results of a 1000-man clinical trial showing that Taxotere + prednisone extended life an average of 2.5 months longer than the control group treated with mitoxantrone + prednisone. Details of the pivotal prostate study, known as TAX 327, will be presented at a plenary session of the American Society for Clinical Oncology June 7, 2004 in New Orleans, LA.
Taxotere has been approved in the U.S. since 1996, first to treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy and later, for non-small-cell lung cancer.
The drug works by inhibiting tubulin, which is a protein component of microtubules serving as the cell skeleton. Normally, microtubules are flexible constructions that play a crucial role in the dynamic process of cell division. For example, microtubules are the major constituents of the cellular apparatus known as the mitotic spindle, which helps to separate the chromosomes during cell mitosis. When taxoids attach to microtubules, they become extremely stable and static, making cell division impossible, thus killing the cells just as they begin to divide.
The drug is typically given by intravenous infusion every
is a member of the taxoid family and a semi-synthetic derivative
of the yew plant. Taxol (paclitaxel), the first commercial taxoid, was
discovered in the early 1970's as part of a National Cancer Institute
screening of many species of higher plants for anticancer activity.
Taxotere was brought to market by the French pharmaceutical firm Rhone-Poulenc,
which was later acquired by Aventis
Pharmaceuticals. Aventis will soon be acquired by Sanofi
Taxotere (docitaxel) package insert
Scientific American article explains how Taxotere came to be
Kimball’s Biology describes “The Cytoskeleton”
Nature Review on microtubules as anti-cancer drug targets
Review Article on Taxotere for Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer